kidney failure


kidney failure
A condition in which the kidneys stop working and are not able to remove waste and extra water from the blood or keep body chemicals in balance. Acute or severe kidney failure happens suddenly (for example, after an injury) and may be treated and cured. Chronic kidney failure develops over many years, may be caused by conditions like high blood pressure or diabetes, and cannot be cured. Chronic kidney failure may lead to total and long-lasting kidney failure, called end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A person in ESRD needs dialysis (the process of cleaning the blood by passing it through a membrane or filter) or a kidney transplant. Also called renal failure.

English dictionary of cancer terms . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • kidney failure — or renal failure Partial or complete loss of kidney function. Acute failure causes reduced urine output and blood chemical imbalance, including uremia. Most patients recover within six weeks. Damage to various kidney structures can result from… …   Universalium

  • kidney failure — noun inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance • Syn: ↑renal failure • Hypernyms: ↑kidney disease, ↑renal disorder, ↑nephropathy, ↑nephrosis, ↑failure …   Useful english dictionary

  • kidney failure — noun Any condition, acute or chronic, where the kidneys cease to function properly. Syn: renal failure …   Wiktionary

  • kidney failure — renal f …   Medical dictionary

  • acute kidney failure — noun renal failure associated with burns or other trauma or with acute infection or obstruction of the urinary tract • Syn: ↑acute renal failure • Hypernyms: ↑renal failure, ↑kidney failure …   Useful english dictionary

  • chronic kidney failure — noun renal failure that can result from a variety of systemic disorders • Syn: ↑chronic renal failure • Hypernyms: ↑renal failure, ↑kidney failure …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kidney — For other uses, see Kidney (disambiguation). Kidney Human kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed Latin ren Artery …   Wikipedia

  • Kidney Foundation of Canada — The Kidney Foundation of Canada is people working together for a common cause. We are volunteers, individuals living with kidney disease, donors, and staff members from all walks of life, all across Canada. Since its creation in 1964, The Kidney… …   Wikipedia

  • kidney — kidneylike, adj. /kid nee/, n., pl. kidneys. 1. Anat. either of a pair of bean shaped organs in the back part of the abdominal cavity that form and excrete urine, regulate fluid and electrolyte balance, and act as endocrine glands. 2. Zool. a… …   Universalium

  • failure — fail|ure W2S2 [ˈfeıljə US ər] n ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1¦(lack of success)¦ 2¦(unsuccessful person/thing)¦ 3 failure to do something 4¦(business)¦ 5¦(machine/body part)¦ 6¦(crops)¦ ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ 1.) ¦(LACK OF SUCCESS)¦ [U and C] a lack of success in achieving or… …   Dictionary of contemporary English