renal failure


renal failure
A condition in which the kidneys stop working and are not able to remove waste and extra water from the blood or keep body chemicals in balance. Acute or severe renal failure happens suddenly (for example, after an injury) and may be treated and cured. Chronic renal failure develops over many years, may be caused by conditions like high blood pressure or diabetes, and cannot be cured. Chronic renal failure may lead to total and long-lasting kidney failure, called end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A person in ESRD needs dialysis (the process of cleaning the blood by passing it through a membrane or filter) or a kidney transplant. Also called kidney failure.

English dictionary of cancer terms . 2015.

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  • Renal failure — Classification and external resources ICD 10 N17 N19 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

  • renal failure — noun inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance • Syn: ↑kidney failure • Hypernyms: ↑kidney disease, ↑renal disorder, ↑nephropathy, ↑nephrosis, ↑failure …   Useful english dictionary

  • renal failure — the inability of a kidney to excrete metabolites at normal plasma levels under conditions of normal loading, or the inability to retain electrolytes under conditions of normal intake, so that waste products and metabolites accumulate in the blood …   Medical dictionary

  • renal failure — kidney failure, lack of kidney function …   English contemporary dictionary

  • renal failure index — (RFI) an assessment of acute renal failure comparing the sodium clearance with the creatinine clearance: where PCr = plasma concentration of creatinine, UCr = urinary concentration of creatinine, and UNa = urinary concentration of sodium. A value …   Medical dictionary

  • Acute renal failure — (ARF), also known as acute kidney failure or acute kidney injury, is a rapid loss of renal function due to damage to the kidneys, resulting in retention of nitrogenous (urea and creatinine) and non nitrogenous waste products that are normally… …   Wikipedia

  • acute renal failure — noun renal failure associated with burns or other trauma or with acute infection or obstruction of the urinary tract • Syn: ↑acute kidney failure • Hypernyms: ↑renal failure, ↑kidney failure …   Useful english dictionary

  • chronic renal failure — noun renal failure that can result from a variety of systemic disorders • Syn: ↑chronic kidney failure • Hypernyms: ↑renal failure, ↑kidney failure …   Useful english dictionary

  • acute renal failure — (ARF) renal failure of sudden onset, such as from physical trauma, infection, inflammation, or toxicity; symptoms include uremia and usually oliguria or anuria, with hyperkalemia and pulmonary edema. Three types are distinguished: prerenal,… …   Medical dictionary

  • end-stage renal failure — the most advanced stage of kidney failure, which is reached when the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) falls to 5 ml/min (normal GFR = 120 ml/min) …   Medical dictionary